Responsive web design is a design method that develops websites that perform effectively on mobile, tablet, and desktop platforms. Websites that lack responsive design risk alienating a large percentage of visitors. Furthermore, 53.8 percent of web designers said that “not being responsive on all devices” is a big cause for a website to be changed. Naturally, website developers and designers place a high priority on designing adaptable websites in the first place. Here are some strategies they may use to do this and evaluate websites for sufficient levels of responsiveness.
How to create a Responsive Website
1. Set Appropriate Responsive Breakpoints
A breakpoint in responsive design is the “point” at which a website’s content and design will adjust in order to deliver the greatest possible user experience.
Every website is viewed through devices with varying screen sizes and resolutions. The app must render flawlessly across all screen sizes. Content or pictures cannot be manipulated, cut out, or disguised.
To enable this, developers must employ responsive breakpoints, also known as CSS breakpoints or media query breakpoints. These are the code-defined points. Website content listens to these criteria and changes to the screen size to present the correct layout.
With CSS breakpoints in place, the website content will match with screen size and show itself in a way that is pleasing to the eye and encourages visual consumption.
Use breakpoints for the most widely used device resolutions across mobile, desktop, and tablet.
Common screen sizes
- Mobile: 360 x 640
- Mobile: 375 x 667
- Mobile: 360 x 720
- iPhone X: 375 x 812
- Pixel 2: 411 x 731
- Tablet: 768 x 1024
- Laptop: 1366 x 768
- High-res laptop or desktop: 1920 x 1080
2. Start with a Fluid Grid
Previously, webpages were built using pixel measurements. They are now built on what is known as a fluid grid. A fluid grid, in essence, arranges and adjusts web items on a site in accordance to the screen size on which it is presented. Instead of designing objects in a fixed, defined size determined in pixels, items on a fluid grid will adapt and resize to match the size of the screen.
A fluid grid is organised into columns; heights and widths are scaled rather than fixed measurements. The dimensions of text and components change depending on the screen size.
A fluid grid also aids in the visual consistency of a site across numerous devices. It also provides greater control over alignments and allows for faster design-related decision-making.
3. Take Touchscreens into Consideration
Consider touchscreens while deciding how to make a website responsive. Most mobile gadgets (phones and tablets) now have touchscreens. Some laptops are catching up, having touch displays in addition to keyboard operations. Naturally, a responsive website will need to be calibrated to be visited via touchscreens. Assume the homepage has a drop-down menu.
On a desktop view, each menu item must be large enough to be pushed with a touchscreen fingertip.
Smaller features, such as buttons, should also be easy to recognise and choose on mobile devices.
To do this, utilise graphics, CTAs, or optimise these components to appear effectively on numerous devices.
4. Use Responsive Images
The most basic version of responsive images uses the same notion as a fluid layout, with a dynamic unit controlling the width or height. This is already accomplished by the CSS code we discussed earlier: The percent unit approximates to a single percentage of the width or height of the viewport and ensures that the picture remains in proportion to the screen. The difficulty with this strategy is that every user, even on mobile, must download the full-sized image. To offer several versions scaled for different devices, utilise the HTML srcset property in your img tags to specify more than one image size to pick from.
5. Define Typography
Font sizes are often defined by web developers in terms of pixels. These are suitable for static websites, however responsive websites require a responsive typeface. The font size must fluctuate in relation to the width of the parent container. This is required in order for fonts to change to screen size and be viewable on a variety of devices.
6. Save time by using a pre-designed theme or layout.
If developers and designers are wondering how to construct a responsive website under a tight deadline, they can choose a theme or pre-designed layout with built-in responsive features. WordPress offers several possibilities in this area (both free and paid). After deciding on a theme, designers just need to decide on colour, logo, and content.
7. Responsive Typography For Your Website Text
The responsiveness of the layout blocks, components, and media is the primary emphasis of responsive web design. Text is frequently considered as an afterthought. However, for a genuinely responsive design, you should also adapt your font sizes to fit screen size. The simplest approach to accomplish this is to specify a static font-size value, such as 22 px, and adapt it in each media query.
8. Test Responsiveness on Real Devices
When investigating how to build a website mobile responsive, one aspect that is sometimes forgotten is the need of testing on actual devices. Developers can tinker with the code as much as they like, but its usefulness must be validated in real-world user scenarios. When creating and executing responsive design, it is critical to examine how the website appears on a variety of devices. As much as feasible, test responsive design on real devices to ensure that the design appears exactly as intended to end users.
First, you should use Google’s mobile-friendly test to see if your site is mobile-friendly. Simply input your website’s URL and click the “test URL” button to get the results. Don’t be concerned if it takes some time to retrieve your site. This does not represent the speed with which your page loads. If you followed the instructions indicated in this post, it should declare that you have a mobile-friendly website. Then, using a tool such as Chrome developer tools, you should test your site on numerous screen sizes. To open the correct device view on a Windows computer, use CTRL + Shift + I, or Command + Option + I on a Mac. From here, you may select the mobile device or tablet of your choice to test the responsiveness of your design.
9. CSS Units and Values for Responsive Design
CSS contains both absolute and relative measuring units. A cm or px is an example of an absolute unit of length. The relative units or dynamic values are determined by the screen’s size and resolution, as well as the font sizes of the root element.
Responsive Design: PX vs EM vs REM vs Viewport Units
- PX denotes a single pixel.
- EM – a relative unit dependent on the element’s font size.
- REM – relative unit dependent on the element’s font size.
- VH and VW are percentages of the viewport’s height and width, respectively.
- percent – the parent element’s percentage.
A rookie web designer or developer should usually stay with pixels for text since they are the most straightforward measure of length in CSS.
However, when it comes to determining the width and maximum width of pictures and other components, utilising percent is the ideal option. This method ensures that the components adapt to the screen size of each device.
When striving to establish a responsive design for your website, loading speed should be a top focus. Sites that load in 2 seconds have a 9 percent bounce rate, whereas pages that take 5 seconds have a 38% bounce rate. Your approach to responsiveness should not obstruct or delay your page’s first render any more than necessary. You may speed up your sites in a variety of ways. You should think about optimising your images, using caching, minification, utilising a more efficient CSS layout, eliminating render-blocking JS, and enhancing your crucial rendering route. You may also try to install Google AMP for your mobile sites, however in our Google AMP case study, our mobile leads plummeted by 59 percent.
Following the procedures outlined above will provide answers to your queries regarding how to make your website responsive. The amount of work used in developing responsiveness is directly proportional to the end-experience. user’s Keep in mind that people demand every website to be flawlessly complimentary with every single device they own – desktop, tablet, or mobile. If a website’s responsive design does not coincide with a specific device resolution (particularly a regularly used device), the site risks losing a section of its intended audience. Avoid this by dedicating time and study to discover how to make a web page responsive at the outset of a project.
A well-designed website might attract more visitors and even visitors from your rivals. Visitors should be charmed with your website and become devoted to it. Yukti Digital provides excellent Responsive web design services to assist businesses in improving their website performance and increasing organic traffic. Please contact us if you have any queries regarding Responsive web design or any of our other services.